LAW 535-001 – Criminal Law
Natural and Probable Consequence
Under this doctrine, each person is responsible for everything done by his confederates which is the probable and natural consequence of the wrongful act specifically agreed on. The connection between the acts must be reasonably apparent. An unplanned act cannot be a fresh and independent product of the mind of one of the confederates outside of, or foreign to, the common design.
Many jurisdictions and the Model Penal Code reject the doctrine.